Pine (Pinus, spp.)
Trade Names: Pine, Common Pine
Origin: Central, Northern and Eastern Europe, North America, Canada
Range: Pine is the most common species of tree in the world. Its subspecies are found from the Arctic Circle to the mountain regions in the tropics. Most used species for the production of veneer in Central Europe are the Common Pine (pinus sylvestris) and in Southern Europe the Maritime Pine (pinus pinaster). Known as veneer wood in the USA are primarily the Carolina Pine (either pinus echinata or pinus taeda) or the Oregon Pine (trade name for the Douglas Fir, although not actually a Pine species).
Uses: Sliced and peeled veneer. It is also used for doors, parquet, paneling and lining. Popular as solid wood for country-style furniture and rooms as well as for Scandinavian-style furniture, construction lumber.
Properties: The heartwood is reddish-yellow to brownish-red and darkens in time. Typical for the wood are irregular annual rings and pressure wood.
Machining: Working Pine by hand or machine presents no problem. It is easy and clean to work with all tools and its surface is unusually smooth for a soft wood.
Seasoning: Dries rapidly without any problems. There is only a slight tendency toward checking and warping. Pine sapwood is very susceptible to blue stain and sufficient air circulation must always be ensured.